Lesson 7 - 제7과
Grammar & Translation

  Grammatical explanation


A - Particle -에 to express time

We saw how the particle can express the destination or the place where an action is taking place. This particle is also used to denote the time of a given action.


언제 왔어요? When did (you) come?

오전 열시 왔어요. (I) came at 10h A.M..


B - Particle -에게

This particle is used after the object affected by an action. It can be used for example to designate a person to whom something is given, to whom or for whom an action is performed. Colloquially, the equivalent 한테 can also be heard.


김태호 씨이현애 씨에게 전화해요. Kim Tae-ho is calling Lee Hyeon-ae.

이 것누구한테 줄 거예요? Whom are you giving this to?


C - Express a planned action

To express a planned action, one can use the verbal suffixes -(으)ㄹ 거예요 or -(으)ㄹ 예정이에요 (both are equivalent). These suffixes express a future action one plans to undertake. This grammatical form is formed from the root of the verb, with ㄹ 거예요 if it ends up with a vowel or with 을 거예요 if it ends up with a consonant.


다 + ㄹ 거예요 = 거예요.
 영화를 볼 거예요. (I) will go watch (a) movie.

다 + 을 거예요 = 을 거예요.
 비빔밥을 먹을 거예요. (I) will eat (a) bibimbap.
(bibimbap : korean dish, served as a bowl of white rice topped with vegetables, chilli paste and sometimes meat, often served in a stone pot)


D - Days of the week

The days of the week in Korean are made of the seven elements, to which is added the noun 요일, a way to say "day" (like the Japanese days of the week for those who are already familiar with that language). Here is the list, in English, then in Hangeul and finally in Hanja:

MondayTuesdayWednesday ThursdayFridaySaturday Sunday
월요일화요일 수요일목요일 금요일토요일 일요일
月曜日火曜日 水曜日木曜日 金曜日土曜日 日曜日


E - Months of the year

Months in Korean are composed of numbers from 1 to 12 in Sino-Korean numbers, followed by , which means "moon" and "month". Here is the list, in English, then in Hangeul and Hanja:

January February March April May June
일월 이월 삼월 사월 오월 유월
一月 二月 三月 四月 五月 六月
July August September October November December
칠월 팔월 구월 시월 십일월 십이월
七月 八月 九月 十月 十一月 十二月

Note that the months of June and October are irregular. The final in numbers and disappears before , to become and respectively.


  Translations of the texts

Text 1


Lee Hyeon-ae: John, when did (you) arrive (come) in Korea?

John: In September last year. Why?

Lee Hyeon-ae: You learnt Korean quickly...!

John: No... It's the professor who teaches grammar well to students.

Lee Hyeon-ae: (John) you have also studied diligently. You are a good student.


Text 2


Kim Tae-ho: Sue, what do you plan to do this evening?

Sue: I’m going to meet friends. Then we’ll go watch a movie.

Kim Tae-ho: This weekend, do (you) have time?

Sue: Yes, I will rest at home on Saturday. I will have time on Sunday.

Kim Tae-ho: So let’s go to Gyeongbokgung together.

Sue: OK (good).


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