Lesson 2 - 제2과
Grammar & Translation

  Grammar explanation


A - Object particle -를 / -을

This particle follows the object. "를" is used after syllables ending with a vowel, and "을" after syllables ending with a consonant.


I + t.p.literature + o.p.study

I study literature.


John + t.p.book + o.p.read

John reads (a) book.


이현애사과 먹어요.
Lee Hyeon-ae + t.p.apple + o.p.eat

Lee Hyeon-ae eats (an) apple.


B - Introduction to locative particle -에

The locative particle "-에" is tricky to use. This is why we will only study one of its many uses for now: -에 가다, which means "to go to..." a given place.

Exemples :

school + l.p.go

To go to school.


John + t.p.library + l.p.go

John goes to the library.


C - How to express "and", "with" in Korean -와 / -과

There is a way to express prepositions "and", "with" in Korean, using the proposition "-와/-과", which works as a particle. "" is used after open syllables, and "" after closed syllables. The adverb "같이", which means "together" can be added to clarify the meaning of the sentence.


Dog and cat.


김태호와 같이도서관가요.
Kim Taeho + t.p.John with | togetherlibrary + l.p.go

Kim Taeho goes to the library (together) with John.


D - Interrogative pronoun 무엇

The interrogative pronoun "무엇" means "what". It can also be contracted to become "". In the case of "무엇 + 을", that is to say the interrogative pronoun followed by the object particle, it can be contracted to "".


What does Lee Hyeon-ae do?


(She) eats (an) apple.


  Translations of the texts

Text 1


John: Hello. I am John.

Lee Hyeon-ae: Hello. I am Lee Hyeon-ae. Pleased to meet you.

John: Pleased to meet you.

Lee Hyeon-ae: John is (are you) a student?

John: Yes, (I am) a student of the College of Oriental Languages.

Lee Hyeon-ae : I am a student of Seoul National University.
(I) study literature.


Text 2


John: Hello, Kim Tae-ho.

Kim Tae-ho: Hello, John. Where are you going?

John: (I) am going to the library. What are you doing?

Kim Tae-ho: I am studying too. Then I will go with you.